About several years after breast augmentation surgery, thick capsules are made around the implant with a considerable probability (up to 25%). This is called capsular contracture of a breast implants, and it is classified in three grades in the United States. Grade 1 has a slight wrinkle feeling when touched, but no visible abnormality; Grade 2 is one with wrinkles emerging on the skin surface, Grade 3 is a painful addition in addition to that, requires a removal operation.
Regarding the removal technique of breast enlargement bag, it is not a easy surgery. Simply removing the bag may result in inadequate results. It is necessary to remove capsules that are in close contact with the surface of the bag at the same time. In particular, capsules on the front of the bag should be removed. Otherwise, the capsule will remain around the entire circumference and become a cyst (Seroma).
Upon removal of the capsule, it may cause considerable bleeding. Therefore, at our office, we do not recommend doing such surgery as an outpatient surgery. Our doctor becomes your doctor, we recommend to operate at university hospital.
Although it is rare but when a breast augment implant bag was used in breast augmentation and reconstructive surgery after breast cancer surgery, a special lymphoma subsequently occurred in patients who had a textured type surface roughened type bag inserted. We have stated in the past that there is a slightly higher possibility than general population.
It is reported that this issue is becoming a big social issue in the USA today in the New York Times electronic version of the major newspaper in the USA. For details, please refer to the following site.
We informed previously in the part 1 of this title, but the relevance between the implant (bag) used for breast augmentation and T lymphoma has been reported in Europe and the United States. This phenomenon is likely to happen when holding a breast augmentation bag for more than 10 years in the body, especially on a textured type product whose surface is rough. Actually, this Textured type is a kind of breast enlargement bag that is often used in breast rebuilding after breast cancer.
The textured type was said to have less effect of so-called capsule contracture, which makes it harder for the breast and stiffer than the Smooth type with smooth surface. However, on the other hand, it was also known that bacteria settled in the surface roughness, creating a phenomenon called infected biofilm.
The most important thing is that patients who have this breast enlarged bag in their body once palpated by themselves and feel uncomfortable, we recommend that you consult a specialist and perform MRI examination .
If the breast is too large and there are symptoms such as shoulder stiffness, it is common practice to cut out the breast tissue by the method called breast reduction method and then sew the skin again.
However, this method has problems in patients who are planning breast-feeding in the future. Another way that can be considered in such a case is to do a method of first reducing fat-portion of the breast by liposuction and then sewing only the skin of the breast. Feeding breastfeeding is possible with this method.
In Europe and the United States, some patients who have undergone breast augmentation in the past have lymphomas in their breasts and are currently monitoring such cases.
ALCL (Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma) is called T cell lymphoma in detail. Unlike the same type of lymphoma that occurs in the whole body, what is associated with breast augmentation is localized to the breast and the prognosis is said to be good. It is a phenomenon only seen in cases using breast enlargement bags, especially on the surface called Textured type more commonly found in grainy breast enlarged bags.
The US FDA has instructed plastic surgeons to inform these patients about such information. In France, there is a debate as to whether to prohibit the use of such breast enlargement bags more seriously. However, since it is a very rare phenomenon at frequent times, it seems that discussion has not been done in Japan either.
Most patients are in good condition for a while after being subjected to breast augmentation, but when you want to investigate whether there are problems with breast augmentation bags when it becomes stiff or when you feel a change like a streak (rippling), or that my general symptoms are not good , The best test is MRI study.
Although it costs a little, it is possible to detect bag breakage, leak (leak), degree of capsular contracture, peripheral abnormalities (breast cancer, lymphoma etc.). However, someone with metal in somewhere in the body may not be able to do so so it is necessary to check in advance. There may be cases when you have a tattoo (tattoo) in it.
The American FDA recommends MRI examinations every 3 years for people who have performed breast augmentation, but in reality it seems that there is not one who does so frequently.
Breast augmentation surgery is a wonderful operation that makes a very attractive body line. However, after undergoing this operation, there are things that I have to watch over for years. One is encapsulation or capsule contracture, and the breast implants occurring at a rate of 10-15% are in a state of hardening. If the condition gets worse, it will become a streak that you can understand by touching from the top of the skin, or you can understand it even by just looking at it. When such a condition occurs, it is necessary to remove the implant (breast enlargement bag) and also remove the capsule membrane that is completed.
It will be a larger scale surgery than when breast augment surgery was done for the first time. In general, it will be treated as a hospital admission. On the other hand, if you do not remove the capsule stuck to the breast augmentation bag, you can do with simple surgery if you just need to remove the bag, another complication of water accumulation in the capsule (seroma) also can occurs.
Besides this, damage of the bag (rupture) is said to occur at a probability of about 1% per year per one year. It is difficult to detect this by palpation alone, so image diagnosis such as MRI becomes necessary.
It is said that about 25% of patients who have performed breast implants need to undergo surgery in the future if various other complications are added.
The French government recently warned that it is related to implants used for breast augmentation and specialized lymphomas (undifferentiated large cell lymphoma, Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (abbreviated as ALCL) in English) in breasts became.
Currently it is a very rare tumor and the prognosis is better than the lymphoma that occurs in the whole body so it is not a recommendation for patients who have done breast implants immediately. ALCL is a T cell type tumor called non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma, and there are about 60 cases reported in the world about localized breasts, but it is said that there are more than tens of millions of patients receiving a breast augmentation surgery Because it is so, it is extremely rare.
However, in Europe and the United States there is a system to make information disclosure early and the FDA also keeps monitoring on this subject.