Liposuction is not a procedure to eliminate obesity, it is an operation that effectively removes locally accumulated fat (lower abdomen etc.). Many people misunderstand this as well as the general public, as well as non-professional physicians.
At the American Society of Plastic Surgery, liposuction is not recommended for people with a BMI index of 30 or more. Such a person must first lose weight with diet therapy. As liposuction for patients with a BMI of 30 or more, the risk of complications (deep venous thrombosis and side effects of anesthesia) also increases, so careful response is required.
If the breast is too large and there are symptoms such as shoulder stiffness, it is common practice to cut out the breast tissue by the method called breast reduction method and then sew the skin again.
However, this method has problems in patients who are planning breast-feeding in the future. Another way that can be considered in such a case is to do a method of first reducing fat-portion of the breast by liposuction and then sewing only the skin of the breast. Feeding breastfeeding is possible with this method.
A facelift is a rejuvenating operation that pulls the slack portion of the face and neck, and excise extra skin etc. Surgery may be a 4-5 hour operation in the case of a full face lift. This operation is generally done in a system where you are hospitalized in a hospital under general anesthesia, but sometimes it is done by local anesthesia as a day surgery outside.
Local anesthesia is not inferior to general anesthesia, and local anesthesia may be safer in some patients. Complications of deep venous thrombosis (so-called economy class syndrome) may occur with long operation surgery. It is said that this is not common in procedures under local anesthesia. The patient is awake and is involuntarily moving his legs.
In Europe and the United States, some patients who have undergone breast augmentation in the past have lymphomas in their breasts and are currently monitoring such cases.
ALCL (Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma) is called T cell lymphoma in detail. Unlike the same type of lymphoma that occurs in the whole body, what is associated with breast augmentation is localized to the breast and the prognosis is said to be good. It is a phenomenon only seen in cases using breast enlargement bags, especially on the surface called Textured type more commonly found in grainy breast enlarged bags.
The US FDA has instructed plastic surgeons to inform these patients about such information. In France, there is a debate as to whether to prohibit the use of such breast enlargement bags more seriously. However, since it is a very rare phenomenon at frequent times, it seems that discussion has not been done in Japan either.
Regarding liposuction, our clinic has received various questions from many patients of different nationality.
At this time, we will discuss about slimming surgery using various accompanying devices which are said to be the “latest type” among them. For liposuction, it is famous for its wet method with ordinary cannulas using a tumescent solution that has been widely used in the United States for many years and has established safety. In this method, a local anesthetic or a drug which becomes difficult to bleed is diluted highly, injected so as to inflate the tissue in the target area, and then suctioned. In this method, it is known that bleeding volume is 1% or less of the aspiration volume (very little). Also, depending on the skill of the doctor, it is said that there is little damage to the tissues due to the equipment used, and it is a safe way. In our clinic, using this microcannula method which further evolved this method, effective results with little unevenness are obtained.
Nowadays, in place of the above method, some devices have come up that generate ultrasonic waves and lasers at the tip of the liposuction device. Japanese people are sensitive to new technologies, so treatment using these devices seems to be commonly done in Japan. Then how about in the United States? In the United States, such devices temporarily attracted attention, but it is not being used more often now that it is not used frequently. Why? The biggest problem is the seriousness of complications. Many of these liposuction plus alpha devices emit high energy at the tip, resulting in burns (burns) in the subcutaneous tissue, damage to the nerve, edema due to a delay in the course of healing (water accumulation) etc.
As a result, in the United States and elsewhere, it is true that we have returned to liposuction using a conventional tumescent-based system that does not use lasers or ultrasound.